School Name

Frenchwood Community Primary School

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Relationships and Sex Education

1. Aims

The aims of relationships and sex education (RSE) at our school are to:

  • Provide a framework in which sensitive discussions can take place
  • Prepare pupils for puberty, and give them an understanding of sexual development and the importance of health and hygiene
  • Help pupils develop feelings of self-respect, confidence and empathy
  • Create a positive culture around issues of sexuality and relationships
  • Teach pupils the correct vocabulary to describe themselves and their bodies

The Frenchwood Family is a diverse one, with opinions informed by faith, culture and personal experiences. It is important that we are respectful of the views of each other whilst ensuring the safety of our pupils and preparing them for life beyond our school.

2. Statutory requirements

As a maintained primary school, we must provide relationships education to all pupils under section 34 of the Children and Social Work Act 2017.

We are not required to provide sex education, but we do need to teach the elements of sex education contained in the science curriculum.

In teaching RSE, we must have regard to guidance issued by the secretary of state, as outlined in section 403 of the Education Act 1996.

We must also have regard to our legal duties set out in:

  • Sections 406 and 407 of the Education Act 1996
  • Part 6, chapter 1 of the Equality Act 2010
  • The Public Sector Equality Duty (as set out in section 149 of the Equality Act 2010). This duty requires public bodies to have due regard to the need to eliminate discrimination, advance equality of opportunity and foster good relations between different people when carrying out their activities

At Frenchwood Community Primary School, we teach RSE as set out in this policy.

3. Policy development

Since September 2020, when we agreed our Relationships Education Policy, we have been teaching Relationships Education, through the Jigsaw scheme. 

In the past two years we have fully taught the first five themes: Being Me in My World, Celebrating Difference, Dreams and Goals, Healthy Me and Relationships.  These are all available to view on our website. The final piece of the jigsaw, Changing Me, has not been fully implemented as it contains elements of sex education – human reproduction, which we as a school have not previously taught.

Preparation work took place during 2021-2022 with a small working party including local religious leaders. In summer term 2022, parents, staff and governors were invited to share their views on specific questions linked to health and sex education.  The findings from this consultation helped to extend our Relationships Policy to include Sex Education.

 

Consultation findings:

  • There were 43 respondents, the majority of whom were parents.
  • The majority of respondents believe that children should be introduced to correct biological terms to describe private parts of the body in Key Stage 1 or earlier.
  • Opinion was split fairly evenly between those who thought that puberty should be taught in LKS2 or earlier, and those who thought that it should be taught in UKS2.
  • Most respondents would prefer that sex education is taught holistically within Personal, Social and Health Education lessons rather than in science, with the majority sharing their view that it is important that parents have the choice to withdraw from the lessons about human reproduction.
  • More than two thirds of respondents would prefer puberty to be taught in single gender classes.
  • A significant minority of respondents stated that they were very likely to withdraw their children from the specific lessons on human reproduction, although almost half of these were likely to change their opinion if lessons were delivered in same gender groups.

 

Considering the statutory requirements, the structure of the curriculum and the responses from the school community:

  • Pupils will be taught the correct biological terms to describe private parts of the body in Key Stage 1.
  • Puberty will be introduced in LKS2.
  • Sex education will be taught holistically within Personal, Social and Health Education lessons rather than in science, to enable parents to have the choice to withdraw from the lessons about human reproduction.
  • The ‘Changing Me’ Unit will be taught in single gender groups in LKS2 and UKS2.

4. Definition

RSE is about the emotional, social and cultural development of pupils, and involves learning about relationships, changing bodies, human reproduction, healthy lifestyles, diversity and personal identity.

RSE involves a combination of sharing information, and exploring issues and values.

RSE is not about the promotion of sexual activity but about keeping safe and healthy.

5. Curriculum

Our RSE curriculum is set out as per Appendix 1.

We teach Personal, Social and Emotional Education, which includes Relationships and Sex Education, through the Jigsaw scheme.  This builds knowledge and understanding in a systematic and age appropriate way.  There are six separate ‘puzzle’ pieces which cover the curriculum in a thematic way in each phase, enabling weekly assemblies to have collective meaning across school.

  • Autumn 1 - Being Me in My World
  • Autumn 2 - Celebrating Difference
  • Spring 1 - Dreams and Goals
  • Spring 2 - Healthy Me
  • Summer 1 – Relationships
  • Summer 2 - Changing Me (this includes human reproduction in UKS2)

For more information about our curriculum, see our curriculum map in Appendix 1.

6. Delivery of RSE

RSE is taught within the personal, social, health education (PSHE) curriculum. Some aspects of RSE are also taught within religious education (RE).

Relationships education focuses on teaching the fundamental building blocks and characteristics of positive relationships including:

  • Families and people who care for me
  • Caring friendships
  • Respectful relationships
  • Online relationships
  • Being safe

For more information about our RSE curriculum, see Appendices 1 and 2.

These areas of learning are taught within the context of family life, taking care to make sure that there is no stigmatisation of children based on their home circumstances (families can include single parent families, LGBT parents, families headed by grandparents, adoptive parents and foster parents/carers, amongst other structures), along with reflecting sensitively that some children may have a different structure of support around them (for example, looked-after children or young carers).

We will also be mindful of the law and legal requirements, taking care not to condone or encourage illegal political activity, such as violent action against people, criminal damage to property, hate crime, terrorism or the illegal use of drugs.

 

    1.  Inclusivity

We will teach about these topics in a manner that:

  • Considers how a diverse range of pupils will relate to them
  • Is sensitive to all pupils’ experiences
  • During lessons, makes pupils feel:
    • Safe and supported
    • Able to engage with the key messages

We will also:

  • Make sure that pupils learn about these topics in an environment that’s appropriate for them, for example in:
    • A whole-class setting
    • Small groups or targeted sessions
    • 1-to-1 discussions
    • Digital formats
  • Give careful consideration to the level of differentiation needed

 

    1.  Use of resources

We will consider whether any resources we plan to use:

    • Are aligned with the teaching requirements set out in the statutory RSE guidance
    • Would support pupils in applying their knowledge in different contexts and settings
    • Are age-appropriate, given the age, developmental stage and background of our pupils
    • Are evidence-based and contain robust facts and statistics
    • Fit into our curriculum plan
    • Are from credible sources
    • Are compatible with effective teaching approaches
    • Are sensitive to pupils’ experiences and won’t provoke distress 

7. Use of external organisations and materials

The materials used are appropriate and in line with our legal duties around political impartiality.

The school remains responsible for what is said to pupils. This includes making sure that any speakers, tools and resources used don’t undermine the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs. 

All our RSE lessons will be taught by school staff.  External agencies will not be employed for teaching this area of the curriculum.

8. Roles and responsibilities

8.1 The governing board

The governing board will hold the headteacher to account for the implementation of this policy.

The governing board has delegated the approval of this policy to the Standards and Effectiveness Committee.

8.2 The headteacher

The headteacher is responsible for ensuring that RSE is taught consistently across the school, and for managing requests to withdraw pupils from non-statutory components of RSE (see section 9).

8.3 Staff

Staff are responsible for:

  • Delivering RSE in a sensitive way
  • Modelling positive attitudes to RSE
  • Monitoring progress
  • Responding to the needs of individual pupils
  • Responding appropriately to pupils whose parents wish them to be withdrawn from the non-statutory components of RSE

Staff do not have the right to opt out of teaching RSE. Staff who have concerns about teaching RSE are encouraged to discuss this with the headteacher.

All class teachers are responsible for the teaching of RSE in their classroom.  TA3 staff and members of the pastoral team may also take these sessions.

8.4 Pupils

Pupils are expected to engage fully in RSE and, when discussing issues related to RSE, treat others with respect and sensitivity.

9. Parents’ right to withdraw

Parents do not have the right to withdraw their children from relationships education.

Parents have the right to withdraw their children from the non-statutory components of sex education within RSE.

Requests for withdrawal should be put in writing using the form found in Appendix 3 of this policy and addressed to the headteacher.

Alternative school work will be given to pupils who are withdrawn from sex education.

10. Training

Staff are trained on the delivery of RSE as part of their induction and it is included in our continuing professional development calendar.

The headteacher may also invite visitors from outside the school, such as school nurses, to provide support and training to staff teaching RSE.

11. Monitoring arrangements

The delivery of RSE is monitored by our PSHE lead, Tom O’Beirne, through planning scrutinies, learning walks, etc.

Pupils’ development in RSE is monitored by class teachers as part of our internal assessment systems.

This policy will be reviewed by Tom O’Beirne annually. At every review, the policy will be approved by the Standards and Effectiveness Committee.

 

 

Appendix 1: Curriculum map

 

Relationships and sex education curriculum map

 

Autumn 1 - Being Me in My World

EYFS

In this half term, the children talk about how they have similarities and differences from their friends and how that is OK. They begin working on recognising and managing their feelings, identifying different ones and the causes these can have. The children talk about working with others and why it is good to be kind and use gentle hands. They discuss children’s rights, especially linked to the right to learn and the right to play. The children talk about what it means to be responsible.

Key Vocabulary

Kind, Gentle, Friend, Similar(ity), Different, Rights, Responsibilities, Feelings, Angry, Happy, Excited, Nervous, Sharing, Taking Turns.

KS1

In this half term the children discuss their hopes and fears for the year ahead – they talk about feeling worried and recognising when they should ask for help and who to ask. They talk about rights and responsibilities; how to work collaboratively, how to listen to each other and how to make their classroom a safe and fair place. The children talk about choices and the consequences of making different choices, set up their Jigsaw Journals and make the Jigsaw Charter.

Key Vocabulary

Safe, Special, Calm, Belonging, Special, Rights, Responsibilities, Learning Charter, Jigsaw Charter, Rewards, Proud, Consequences, Upset, Disappointed, Illustration. Worries, Hopes, Fears, Responsible Actions, Praise, Positive, Negative, Choices, Co-Operate, Learning Charter, Problem-Solving.

LKS2

In this half term, the children talk about being part of a team. They talk about attitudes and actions and their effects on the whole class. The children learn about their school and its community, who all the different people are and what their roles are. They discuss democracy and link this to their own School Council, what its purpose is and how it works. The children talk about group work, the different roles people can have, how to make positive contributions, how to make collective decisions and how to deal with conflict. They also talk about considering other people’s feelings. They refresh their Jigsaw Charter and set up their Jigsaw Journals.

 

Key Vocabulary

Welcome, Valued, Achievements, Proud, Pleased, Personal Goal, Praise, Acknowledge, Affirm, Emotions, Feelings, Nightmare, Fears, Worries, Solutions, Support, Rights, Responsibilities, Dream, Behaviour, Consequences, Actions, Fairness, Choices, Co-Operate, Group Dynamics, Team Work, View Point, Ideal , Belong, Included, Excluded, Welcome, Valued, Team, Charter, Role, Job Description, School Community, Democracy, Democratic, Reward, Decisions, Voting, Authority, Learning Charter, Contribution, Observer, UN Convention on Rights of Child (UNCRC).

Year  5

In this half term  the children think and talk about the year ahead, goals they could set for themselves as well as the challenges they may face. They learn and talk about their rights and responsibilities as a member of their class, school, wider community and the country they live in. The children talk about their own behaviour and its impact on a group as well as choices, rewards, consequences and the feelings associated with each. They also talk about democracy, how it benefits the school and how they can contribute towards it. They revisit the Jigsaw Charter and set up their Jigsaw Journals.

Key Vocabulary

Goals, Worries, Fears, Value, Welcome, Choice, Ghana, West Africa, Cocoa Plantation, Cocoa Pods, Machete, Rights, Community, Education, Wants, Needs, Maslow, Empathy, Comparison, Opportunities, Education, Choices, Behaviour, Responsibilities, Rewards, Consequences, Empathise, Learning Charter, Obstacles, Cooperation, Collaboration, Legal, Illegal, Lawful, Laws, Participation, Motivation, Democracy, Decision, Proud.

Year 6

In this half term the children discuss their year ahead, they learnt to set goals and discuss their fears and worries about the future. The class learn about the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and that these are not met for all children worldwide. They talk about their choices and actions and how these can have far-reaching effects, locally and globally. The children talk about their own behaviour and how their choices can result in rewards and consequences and how these feel. They talk about how an individual’s behaviour and the impact it can have on a group. They also talk about democracy, how it benefits the school and how they can contribute towards it. They establish the Jigsaw Charter and set up their Jigsaw Journals

Key Vocabulary

Challenge, Goal, Attitude, Actions, Rights and Responsibilities, United Nations Convention on The Rights of the Child, Citizen, Choices, Consequences, Views, Opinion, Collaboration, Collective Decision, Democracy.

 

 

Autumn 2 – Celebrating Difference

EYFS

In this half term, children are encouraged to think about things that they are good at whilst understanding that everyone is good at different things. They talk about being different and how that makes everyone special but also recognising that we are the same in some ways. The children talk about their homes and are asked to explain why it is special to them. They talk about friendship and how to be a kind friend and how to stand up for themselves if someone says or does something unkind to them.

Key Vocabulary

Different, Special, Proud, Friends, Kind, Same, Similar, Happy, Sad, Frightened, Angry, Family.

KS1

In this half term the class talk about gender stereotypes, that boys and girls can have differences and similarities and that is OK. They talk about children being bullied because they are different, that this shouldn’t happen and how to support a classmate who is being bullied. The children talk about feelings associated with bullying and how and where to get help. They talk about similarities and differences and that it is OK for friends to have differences without it affecting their friendship. the class talk about the similarities and differences between people and that these make us unique and special. The children also talk about being nice to and looking after other children you think might be being bullied.

Key Vocabulary

Boys, Girls, Similarities, Assumptions, Shield, Stereotypes, Special, Differences, Bully, Purpose, Kind, Unkind, Feelings, Sad, Lonely, Help, Stand up for, Male, Female, Diversity, Fairness, Kindness, Friends, Unique, Value, Similarity, Same as, Different from, Difference, Bullying, Bullying behaviour, Deliberate, On purpose, Unfair, Included, Bullied, Celebrations,

LKS2

In this half term, the class learn about families, that they are all different and that sometimes they fall out with each other. They also talk about judging people by their appearance, first impressions and what influences their thinking on what is normal. The children talk about techniques to calm themselves down and discuss a technique called ‘solve it together.’ The children revisit the topic of bullying and talk about being a witness (bystander), they took about how a witness has choices and how these choices can affect the bullying that is taking place. They discuss the pressures of being a witness and why some people choose to join in or choose to not tell anyone about what they have seen. The children also talk about using problem-solving techniques in bullying situations. They talk about name-calling and choosing not to use hurtful words. They also talk about giving and receiving compliments and the feelings associated with this. They talk about online bullying and what to do if they suspect or know that it is taking place. The children talk about their own uniqueness and what is special about themselves. They talk about first impressions and when their own first impressions of someone have changed.

Key Vocabulary

Family, Loving, Caring, Safe, Connected, Difference, Special, Conflict, Solve It Together, Solutions, Resolve, Witness, Bystander, Bullying, Gay, Unkind, Feelings, Tell, Consequences, Hurtful, Compliment, Unique, Character, Assumption, Judgement, Surprised, Different, Appearance, Accept, Influence, Opinion, Attitude, Bullying, Friend, Secret, Deliberate, On purpose, Bully, Problem solve, Cyber bullying, Text message, Website, Troll, Special, Unique, Physical features, Impression, Changed.

Year  5

In this half term the class explore culture and cultural differences. They link this to racism, talking about what it is and how to be aware of their own feelings towards people from different cultures. They revisit the topic of bullying and discuss rumour spreading and name-calling. The children talk about direct and indirect bullying as well as ways to encourage children to not using bullying behaviours. The class talk about happiness regardless of material wealth and respecting other people’s cultures.

Key Vocabulary

Conflict, Difference, Similarity, Belong, Culture Wheel, Racism, Colour, Race, Discrimination, Ribbon, Bullying, Rumour, Name-calling, Racist, Homophobic, Cyber bullying, Texting, Problem solving, Indirect, Direct, Happiness, Developing World, Celebration, Artefacts, Display, Presentation.

Year 6

In this half term the class talk about differences and similarities and that for some people, being different is hard. The children talk about bullying and how people can have power over others in a group. They talk about strategies for dealing with this as well as wider bullying issues. The class talk about people with disabilities and look at specific examples of disabled people who have amazing lives and achievements.

Key Vocabulary

Normal, Ability, Disability, Visual impairment, Empathy, Perception, Medication, Vision, Blind, Male, Female, Diversity, Transgender, Gender Diversity, Courage, Fairness, Rights, Responsibilities, Power, Struggle, Imbalance, Harassment, Bullying, Bullying behaviour, Direct, Indirect, Argument, Recipient, Para-Olympian, Achievement, Accolade, Perseverance, Sport, Admiration, Stamina, Celebration, Conflict.

 

 

 

Spring 1 – Dreams and Goals

EYFS

In this half term, children talk about challenges and facing up to them. They discuss not giving up and trying until they have achieved their goal. The children are encouraged to think about jobs that they might like to have when they are older and are taught to associate what they learn now with being able to have the job they want. They also talk about achieving goals and the feelings linked to this.

Key Vocabulary

Dream, Goal, Challenge, Job, Ambition, Perseverance, Achievement, Happy, Kind, Encourage.

KS1

In this half term the class about setting realistic goals and how they can achieve them. They discuss perseverance when they find things difficult as well as recognising their strengths as a learner. The children talk about group work and reflect on who they work well with and who they don’t. They also talk about sharing success with other people.

Key Vocabulary

Proud, Success, Achievement, Goal, Treasure, Coins, Goal, Learning, Stepping-stones, Process, Working together, Team work, Celebrate, Learning, Stretchy, Challenge, Feelings, Obstacle, Overcome, Achieve, Dreams, Goals. Realistic, Proud, Success, Celebrate, Strength, Persevere, Difficult, Easy, Learning Together, Partner, Product

LKS2

In this half term, the class look at examples of people who have overcome challenges to achieve success and discuss what they can learn from these stories. The children identify their own dreams and ambitions and discuss how it will feel when they achieve them. They discuss how it feels when dreams don’t come true and how to cope with / overcome feelings of disappointment. The children talk about making new plans and setting new goals even if they have been disappointed. They talk about facing learning challenges and identify their own strategies for overcoming these, including group work and overcoming challenges together.  The children talk about obstacles which might stop them from achieving their goals and how to overcome these. They reflect on their progress and successes, identify what they could do better next time and talk about the feelings associated with overcoming a challenge.

Key Vocabulary

Perseverance, Challenges, Success, Obstacles, Dreams, Goals, Ambitions, Future, Aspirations, Garden, Decorate, Team work, Enterprise, Design, Cooperation, Product, Strengths, Motivated, Enthusiastic, Excited, Efficient, Responsible, Frustration, ‘Solve It Together’ Technique, Solutions, Review, Learning, Celebrate, Evaluate.

Year  5

In this half term the class talk about their dreams and goals and how they might need money to help them achieve them. They look at jobs that people they know do, they look at the fact that some jobs pay more money than others and reflect on what types of jobs they might like to do when they are older. The children look as the similarities and differences between themselves (and their dreams and goals) and someone from a different culture.

Key Vocabulary

Dream, Hope, Goal, Feeling, Achievement, Money, Grown Up, Adult, Lifestyle, Job, Career, Profession, Money, Salary, Contribution, Society, Determination, Perseverance, Motivation, Aspiration, Culture, Country, Sponsorship, Communication, Support, Rallying, Team Work, Cooperation, Difference.

Year 6

In this half term the class talk about their own strengths and further stretching themselves by setting challenging and realistic goals. They discuss the learning steps they’ll need to take as well as talking about how to stay motivated. The children explore various global issues and explore places where people may be suffering or living in difficult situations – whilst doing this they reflect on their own emotions linked to this learning. The class also talk about what they think their classmates like and admire about them as well as working on giving others praise and compliments.

Key Vocabulary

Dream, Hope, Goal, Learning, strengths, Stretch, Achievement, Personal, Realistic, Unrealistic, Feeling, Success, Criteria, Learning steps, Money, Global issue, Suffering, Concern, Hardship, Sponsorship, Empathy, Motivation, Admire, Respect, Praise, Compliment, Contribution, Recognition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring 2 – Healthy Me

EYFS

In this half term, children learn about their bodies; the names of some key parts as well as how to stay healthy. They talk about food and that some foods are healthier than others. They discuss the importance of sleep and what they can do to help themselves get to sleep. They talk about hand washing and why it is important. The class also discuss stranger danger and what they should do if approached by someone they don’t know.

Key Vocabulary

Healthy, Exercise, Head, Shoulders, Knees, Toes, Sleep, Wash, Clean, Stranger, Scared, Trust.

KS1

In this half term the class talk about healthy and unhealthy choices and how these choices make them feel. They talk about hygiene, keeping themselves clean and that germs can make you unwell. The children learn about road safety as well as people who can help them to stay safe. The children talk about things that make them feel relaxed and stressed. They talk about medicines, how they work and how to use them safely.

Key Vocabulary

Healthy, Unhealthy, Balanced, Exercise, Sleep, Choices, Clean, Body parts, Keeping clean, Toiletry items (e.g. toothbrush, shampoo, soap), Hygienic, Safe, Medicines, Trust, Safe, Safety, Green Cross Code, Eyes, Ears, Look, Listen, Wait. Lifestyle, Motivation, Relax, Relaxation, Tense, Calm, Healthy, Unhealthy, Dangerous, Body, Balanced diet, Portion, Proportion, Energy, Fuel, Nutritious.

LKS2

In this half term, the class talk about the importance of exercise and how it helps your body to stay healthy. They also talk about their heart and lungs, discuss what they do and that they are very important. The children talk about calories, fat and sugar; they discuss what each of these are and how the amount they consume can affect their health. The class talk about different types of drugs, the ones you take to make you better as well as other drugs. The children think about things, places and people that are dangerous and link this to strategies for keeping themselves safe. They look at the friendship groups that they are part of, how they are formed, how they have leaders and followers and how they fit into them. The children are asked to reflect on their friendships, how different people make them feel and which friends they value the most. The class also look at smoking and its effects on health, they do the same with alcohol and then look at the reasons why people might drink or smoke. Finally, they talk about peer pressure and how to deal with it.

Key Vocabulary

Oxygen, Energy, Calories / kilojoules, Heartbeat, Lungs, Heart, Fitness, Labels, Sugar, Fat, Saturated fat, Healthy, Drugs, Attitude, Safe, Anxious, Scared, Strategy, Advice, Harmful, Risk, Feelings, Complex, Appreciate, Body, Choice, Friendship, Emotions, Healthy, Relationships, Friendship groups, Value, Roles, Leader, Follower, Assertive, Agree, Disagree, Smoking, Pressure, Peers, Guilt, Advice, Alcohol, Liver, Disease, Anxiety, Fear, Believe, Opinion, Right, Wrong.

Year  5

In this half term the class look at the risks linked to smoking and how this affects the lungs, liver and heart. They do the same with the risks associated with alcohol misuse. They are taught a range of basic emergency procedures (including the recovery position) and learn how to contact the emergency services when needed. The children look at how body types are portrayed in the media, social media and celebrity culture. They also talk about eating disorders and people’s relationships with food and how this can be linked to negative body image pressures.

Key Vocabulary

Choices, Healthy behaviour, Unhealthy behaviour, Informed decision, Pressure, Media, Influence, Emergency, Procedure, Recovery position, Calm, Levelheaded, Body image, Media, Social media, Celebrity, Altered, Self-respect, Comparison, Eating problem, Eating disorder, Respect, Debate, Opinion, Fact, Motivation.

Year 6

In this half term the class discuss taking responsibility for their own physical and emotional health and the choices linked to this. They talk about different types of drugs and the effects these can have on people’s bodies. The class discuss exploitation as well as gang culture and the associated risks. They also talk about mental health / illness and that people have different attitudes towards this. They learn to recognise the triggers for and feelings of being stressed and that there are strategies they can use when they are feeling stressed.

Key Vocabulary

Responsibility, Choice, Immunisation, Prevention, Drugs, Effects, Motivation, Prescribed, Unrestricted, Over-the-counter, Restricted, Illegal, Volatile substances, ‘Legal highs’, Exploited, Vulnerable, Criminal, Gangs, Pressure, Strategies, Reputation, Anti-social behaviour, Crime, Mental health, Emotional health, Mental illness, Symptoms, Stress, Triggers, Strategies, Managing stress, Pressure.

 

 

Summer 1 - Relationships

EYFS

In this half term, children are introduced to the key relationships in their lives. They learn about families and the different roles people can have in a family. They explore the friendships they have and what makes a good friend. They are introduced to simple strategies they can use to mend friendships. The children also learn about Jigsaw’s Calm Me and how they can use this when feeling upset or angry.

Key Vocabulary

Family, Jobs, Relationship, Friend, Lonely, Argue, Fall-out, Words, Feelings, Angry, Upset, Calm me, Breathing.

KS1

In this half term the children’s breadth of relationships is widened to include people they may find in their school community. They consider their own significant relationships (family, friends and school community) and why these are special and important. There is also a focus on falling out and mending friendships. Children consider the importance of trust in relationships and what this feels like. They also learn about two types of secret, and why ‘worry secrets’ should always be shared with a trusted adult. As part of the learning on healthy and safe relationships, children learn that touch can be used in kind and unkind ways, and reflect upon different types of physical contact in relationships, which are acceptable and which ones are not. The children also discuss people who can help them if they are worried or scared. Learning about family relationships widens to include roles and responsibilities in a family and the importance of co-operation, appreciation and trust.

Key Vocabulary

Family, Belong, Same, Different, Friends, Friendship, Qualities, Caring, Sharing, Kind, Greeting, Touch, Feel, Texture, Like, Dislike, Help, Helpful, Community, Feelings, Confidence, Praise, Skills, Self-belief, Incredible, Proud, Celebrate, Relationships, Special, Appreciate. Family, Different, Similarities, Special, Relationship, Important, Co-operate, Touch, Physical contact, Communication, Hugs, Like, Dislike, Acceptable, Not acceptable, Conflict, Point of view, Positive problem solving, Secret, Good secret, Worry secret, Telling, Adult, Trust, Happy, Sad, Frightened, Trust, Trustworthy, Honesty, Reliability, Compliments.

LKS2

In this half term, the class revisit family relationships and identify the different expectations and roles that exist within the family home. They identify why stereotypes can be unfair and may not be accurate e.g. Mum is the carer, Dad goes to work. They learn that families should be founded on love, respect, appreciation, trust and cooperation. Children are reminded about the solve-it together technique for negotiating conflict situations and the concept of a win-win outcome is introduced. They start to investigate the emotional aspects of relationships and friendships. With this in mind, children explore jealousy and loss/ bereavement. They identify the emotions associated with these relationship changes, the possible reasons for the change and strategies for coping with the change. The children learn that change is a natural in relationships and they will experience (or may have already experienced) some of these changes. They also learn that sometimes it is better if relationships end, especially if they are causing negative feelings or they are unsafe. Children are taught that relationship endings can be amicable. Online relationships through gaming and Apps is explored and children are introduced to some rules for staying safe online. They investigate the wants and needs of other children who are less fortunate and compare these with their own. Children’s universal rights are also revisited.

Key Vocabulary

Men, Women, Unisex, Male, Female, Stereotype, Career, Job, Role, Responsibilities, Respect, Differences, Similarities, Conflict, Win-win, Solution, Solve-it-together, Problem-solve, Internet, Social media, Online, Risky, Gaming, Safe, Unsafe, Private messaging (pm), Direct messaging (dm), Global, Communication, Fair trade, Inequality, Food journey, Climate, Transport, Exploitation, Rights, Needs, Wants, Justice, United Nations, Equality, Deprivation, Hardship, Appreciation, Gratitude, Celebrate. Relationship, Close, Jealousy, Problem-solve, Emotions, Positive, Negative, Loss, Shock, Disbelief, Numb, Denial, Anger, Guilt, Sadness, Pain, Despair, Hope, Souvenir,  Memento, Memorial, Acceptance, Relief, Remember, Negotiate, Compromise, Trust, Loyal, Empathy, Betrayal, Amicable, Appreciation, Love.

Year  5

In this half term the class learn about the importance of self-esteem and ways this can be boosted. This is important in an online context as well as off-line, as mental health can be damaged by excessive comparison with others. This leads onto a series of lessons that allow the children to investigate and reflect upon a variety of positive and negative online/ social media contexts including gaming and social networking. They learn about age -limits and also age-appropriateness. Within these lessons, children are taught the SMARRT internet safety rules and they apply these in different situations. Risk, pressure and influences are revisited with a focus on the physical and emotional aspects of identifying when something online or in social media feels uncomfortable or unsafe. Children are taught about grooming and how people online can pretend to be whoever they want. Rights, responsibilities and respect are revisited with an angle on technology use. Screen time is also discussed and children find ways to reduce their own screen time. This unit aims to help children to be more discerning when viewing anything online or on social media.

Key Vocabulary

Personal attributes, Qualities, Characteristics, Self-esteem, Unique, Comparison, Negative self-talk, Social media, Online, Community, Risky, Positive, Negative, Safe, Unsafe, Rights, Responsibilities, Social network, Gaming, Violence, Grooming, Troll, Gambling, Betting, Trustworthy, Appropriate, Screen time, Physical health, Mental health, Off-line, Social, Peer pressure, Influences, Personal information, Passwords, Privacy, Settings, Profile, SMARRT rules.

Year 6

In this half term the class look at mental health and how to take care of their own mental well-being. They talk about the grief cycle and its various stages, they also discuss the different causes of grief and loss. The children talk about people who can try to control them or have power over them. They look at online safety, learning how to judge if something is safe and helpful as well as talking about communicating with friends and family in a positive and safe way.

Key Vocabulary

Mental health, Ashamed, Stigma, Stress, Anxiety, Support, Worried, Signs, Warning, Self-harm, Emotions, Feelings, Sadness, Loss, Grief, Denial, Despair, Guilt, Shock, Hopelessness, Anger, Acceptance, Bereavement, Coping strategies, Power, Control, Authority, Bullying, Script, Assertive, Risks, Pressure, Influences, Self-control, Real / fake, True / untrue, Assertiveness, Judgement, Communication, Technology, Power, Cyber-bullying, Abuse, Safety.

 

 

Summer 2 - Changing Me

EYFS

In this half term, children encouraged to think about how they have changed from being a baby and what may change for them in the future. They consolidate the names and functions of some of the main parts of the body and discuss how these have changed. They learn that our bodies change as we get older in lots of different ways. Children understand that change can bring about positive and negative feelings, and that sharing these can help. They also consider the role that memories can have in managing change.

Key Vocabulary

Eye, Foot, Eyebrow, Forehead, Ear, Mouth, Arm, Leg, Chest, Knee, Nose, Tongue, Finger, Toe, Stomach, Hand, Baby, Grown-up, Adult, Change, Worry, Excited, Memories.

KS1

In this half term the children are introduced to life cycles e.g. that of a frog and identify the different stages. They compare this with a human life cycle and look at simple changes from baby to adult e.g. getting taller, learning to walk etc. They discuss how they have changed so far and that people grow up at different rates. As part of a school’s safeguarding duty, pupils are taught the correct words for private parts of the body (those kept private by underwear: vagina, anus, penis, testicles, vulva). They are taught that nobody has the right to hurt these parts of the body, including a lesson on inappropriate touch and assertiveness. Children practise a range of strategies for managing feelings and emotions. They are also taught where they can get help if worried or frightened. Change is taught as a natural and normal part of growing up and the range of emotions that can occur with change are explored and discussed.

Key Vocabulary

Changes, Life cycles, Baby, Adult, Adulthood, Grown-up, Mature, Male, Female, Vagina, Penis, Testicles, Vulva, Anus, Learn, New, Grow, Feelings, Anxious, Worried, Excited, Coping.

LKS2

In this half term, the class learn about babies and what they need to grow and develop including parenting. Children learn that it is usually the female that carries the baby in nature. This leads onto lessons where puberty is introduced. Children first look at the outside body changes in males and females. They learn that puberty is a natural part of growing up and that it is a process for getting their bodies ready to make a baby when grownup. Inside body changes are also taught. Children learn that females have eggs (ova) in their ovaries and these are released monthly. If unfertilised by a male’s sperm it passes out of the body as a period. Children discuss how they feel about puberty and growing up and there are opportunities for them to seek reassurance if anything is worrying them. 

Key Vocabulary

Changes, Birth, Animals, Babies, Mother, Growing up, Baby, Grow, Uterus, Womb, Nutrients, Survive, Love, Affection, Care, Puberty, Control, Male, Female, Testicles, Sperm, Penis, Ovaries, Egg, Ovum / ova, Womb / uterus, Vagina, Stereotypes, Task, Roles, Challenge, Looking forward, Excited, Nervous, Anxious, Happy.

Year  5

In this half term the class revisit bodily changes at puberty with some additional vocabulary, particularly around menstruation. Sanitary health is taught, including introducing pupils to different sanitary and personal hygiene products. Conception and sexual intercourse are introduced in simple terms so the children understand that a baby is formed by the joining of an ovum and sperm. They also learn that the ovum and sperm carry genetic information that carry personal characteristics. The unit ends by looking at the feelings associated with change and how to manage these. Children are introduced to Jigsaw’s Circle of change model as a strategy for managing future changes. 

Key Vocabulary

Personal, Unique, Characteristics, Parents, Sperm, Egg / ovum, Penis, Testicles, Vagina / vulva, Womb / uterus, Ovaries, Making love, Having sex, Sexual intercourse, Fertilise, Conception, Puberty, Menstruation, Periods, Circle, Seasons, Change, Control, Emotions, Acceptance, Looking forward, Excited, Nervous, Anxious, Happy.

Year 6

In this half term the class revisit self-esteem and self/body-image. They learn that we all have perceptions about ourselves and others, and these may be right or wrong. They also reflect on how social media and the media can promote unhelpful comparison and how to manage this. Puberty is revisited with further detail explaining bodily changes in males and females. Sexual intercourse is explained in slightly more detail than in the previous year. Children are encouraged to ask questions and seek clarification about anything they don’t understand. Further details about pregnancy are introduced including some facts about the development of the foetus and some simple explanation about alternative ways of conception e.g. IVF. Children learn that having a baby is a personal choice. Reasons why people choose to be in a romantic relationship and choose to have a baby are also explored. Children look at what becoming a teenager means for them with an increase in freedom, rights and responsibilities. They also look at the perceptions that surround teenagers and reflect whether they are always accurate e.g. teenagers are always moody; all teenagers have a boyfriend/girlfriend etc.

Key Vocabulary

Body-image, Self-image, Looks, Personality, Perception, Self-esteem, Affirmation, ComparisonOestrogen, Fallopian Tube, Cervix, Develops, Adam’s Apple, Scrotum, Genitals, Hair, Broader, Wider, , Erection, Ejaculation, Urethra, Wet Dream, Growth spurt, Larynx, Facial hair, Pubic hair, Hormones, Scrotum, Testosterone, Circumcised, Uncircumcised, Foreskin, Epididymis, Ovaries, Egg (Ovum), Period, Fertilised, Unfertilised, Embryo, Umbilical cord, IVF, Foetus, Contraception, Pregnancy, Menstruation, Sanitary products, Tampon, Pad, Towel, Liner, Hygiene, Age appropriateness, Legal, Laws, Responsible, Teenager, Responsibilities, Rights.

 

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